América Latina: Inseguridad y violencia son ‘trabas más importantes’ para avance de América Latina y el Caribe

Las altas tasas de inseguridad y violencia están entre “las trabas más importantes” para el avance de Latinoamérica, aseguró la CAF-Banco de Desarrollo de América Latina en un informe presentado en Bogotá.

“América Latina atraviesa una crisis de proporciones epidémicas en relación a la seguridad ciudadana”, indicó este organismo de financiamiento multilateral.

Con una tasa de 21 muertes violentas por cada 100.000 habitantes para 2010 y 60% de la población de las grandes ciudades que consideraba en 2013 que la criminalidad había aumentado en los últimos cinco años, la CAF denunció que las “altas tasas de inseguridad y violencia son de las trabas más importantes para el progreso de la región”. VER MÁS…

Latin America: Changing the Drug Policy Narrative / Robert Muggah 

Change is the air. Latin American opinion and decision-makers are pressing for a new approach to global drug policy. For one, they are calling for an end to militarized strategies that have contributed to soaring organized violence and swelling prisons. Meanwhile, they are proposing new approaches that put the health, safety and rights of people at the center of paradigm.

In short, they are changing the narrative.

One of the most influential voices of this new generation of drug policy reformers is Colombian President Juan Manuel Santos. After decades of fighting a war on drugs, the former Defense Minister is pushing for alternative approaches emphasizing crop-substitution, harm reduction, and decriminalization. SEE MORE…
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Honduras: La guerra contra las drogas / Víctor Meza 

El pasado primero de agosto se cumplieron seis años de la firma de la llamada Declaración de Cartagena, un documento suscrito en el marco de la Cumbre Regional sobre el problema mundial de las drogas, celebrada en esa ciudad colombiana a finales de julio y principios de agosto del año 2008. Participaron los Jefes de Estado y/o de Gobierno y los Jefes de Delegación de los países del Caribe, Centroamérica, Colombia, México y Venezuela. Me tocó representar a Honduras en nombre del entonces Presidente Manuel Zelaya, quien no pudo asistir al evento. VER MÁS…

América Latina: Inseguridad y carencia económica / Lilia Vásquez

El Programa de las Naciones Unidas para el Desarrollo (PNUD), en su informe regional de desarrollo humano 2013-2014. Seguridad ciudadana con rostro humano: Diagnóstico y propuestas para América Latina, señala los siguientes datos:

América Latina muestra hoy en día economías más fuertes e integradas, menos pobreza, democracias más consolidadas, así como Estados que han asumido mayores responsabilidades en la protección social. Pero, el flanco débil de la región es la violencia, el crimen y la inseguridad. En la última década la región ha sufrido una epidemia de violencia, acompañada por el crecimiento y difusión de los delitos, así como por el aumento del temor entre los ciudadanos.

Entre 2000 y 2010 la tasa de homicidios de la región creció 11%, mientras que en la mayoría de las regiones del mundo descendió o se estabilizó. VER MÁS…

Latin America Scores Lowest on Security / Jan Sonnenschein

Venezuelans report lowest security levels worldwide .

Residents of Latin America and the Caribbean were the least likely among all global regions last year to feel secure in their communities. In 2013, the region scored a 56 (on a scale from 0 to 100) on Gallup’s Law and Order Index, which is based on confidence in local police, feelings of personal safety, and self-reported incidence of theft. Residents of Southeast Asia, East Asia, and the U.S. and Canada were the most likely to feel secure. SEE MORE…

Brazil Can Put Safety and Justice at the Heart of Global Development / Robert Muggah

The future of global development policy is being hotly debated in New York over the coming months. Governments from 193 countries are negotiating the form and content of the so-called Sustainable Development Goals, or SDGs. These new benchmarks will replace the eight Millennium Development Goals that expire in 2015. Most diplomats agree on the importance of including core development priorities into the future SDGs including ending poverty and hunger, ensuring healthy lives and quality education, and guaranteeing access to water and energy. Many also believe that peace, security and justice, controversial and difficult to measure though they may be, must be explicitly recognized as development priorities in their own right.

The SDGs are about much more than achieving a diplomatic consensus. Starting next year, they will serve as a road-map for driving development around the world, including the world’s poorest countries. Like the remarkably successful MDGs before them, they will incentivize governments to establish forward-looking benchmarks, monitor progress, and provide critical signals about the health of our planet. They matter fundamentally. And yet the SDGs will stumble if they do not account explicitly for some of the most intractable roadblocks to development, including violence, injustice and corruption.   SEE MORE…

Brazil: Promoting peace, security, justice and governance in the post-2015 development agenda

Brazil is a major player in defining the future of global development. Together with 192 other United Nations (UN) member states, Brazil is debating the place of the peace, security, justice and governance in future Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). The SDGs will replace the remarkably successful Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) agreed in 2000 and which expire in 2015. Starting next year, the SDGs will provide a road-map for development, set benchmarks to measure progress, and serve as a tool to press for change. Brazilian diplomats are working with counterparts at the UN and in other regional groupings to ensure its interests get a fair hearing.

Brazil´s leading public security experts call on the Ministry of External Affairs to include public security, access to justice and governance priorities in the next generation of UN development goals. They note that it is often the poor who are disproportionately affected by violence, including in Brazil. SEE MORE…

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