Honduras: Tres generales y un cartel: violencia policial e impunidad en Honduras / Alberto Arce

En julio de 2009, el narcotraficante hondureño Winter Blanco, un tipo gordito, rudo, de pelo rapado, prófugo de la justicia y jefe del Cartel del Atlántico, quiso tumbarle un cargamento de droga a Emilio Fernández Rosa, conocido como “Don H”, que tenía 143 kilos de cocaína en una casa de la Mosquitia, en la costa Caribe de Honduras.

Blanco llamó al General de la policía José Murillo López, orondo y con cara de bonachón, y le propuso un negocio. Si sus agentes conseguían la droga, se la compraría. Después de pedirle autorización al director general de la policía, el General Salomón Escoto Salinas, Murillo López envió a 12 de sus hombres al lugar.

Cumplieron su misión. Pero algo se torció.

La información llegó a manos del zar antidrogas, el General Julián Arístides González, y unos días después encabezó un operativo que terminó con el arresto de los policías y el decomiso de la cocaína. VER MÁS…

Honduras Prisons Put Inmates at Risk, Fuel Gang Violence: OAS / Mimi Yagoub

A recent report highlighted critical problems within Honduras’ prisons, where the prevalence of gang violence and deplorable conditions suggest that the penal system does nothing to rehabilitate offenders.
Following a visit to the country in December 2014, the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) of the Organization of American States (OAS) found that detainees often exert more power than the prison staff. The IACHR also found cases of men and women sharing cellblocks and military weapons used in riots.
The ensuing report, entitled “Situation of Human Rights in Honduras,” (pdf) draws attention to the dire shortcomings and ill-advised initiatives of Honduras’ prison system.

It’s really hard to say which city is the world’s most murderous / Renata Giannini Robert Muggah and Katherine Aguirre

The news trickling out of Caracas just keeps getting worse. A recently published ranking of the world’s most dangerous cities listed the Venezuelan capital at the top of the charts. The city’s murder rate supposedly reached an eye-watering 120 per 100,000 inhabitants in 2015, almost 20 times the global average. City officials were quick to dismiss the list as fatally flawed.
The annual ranking of the world’s most violent cities is produced by a Mexican research group called Security, Justice and Peace, or SJP. For the past few years SJP has generated big headlines for its review of the 50 most murderous cities. While attracting media attention, the organization’s methods are coming under increasing scrutiny.
Predictably, Venezuelan authorities argue against the findings, specifically the one that Caracas is the world’s most violent city. It’s hard to know for sure since they seldom make disaggregated crime data available. For example, local officials recently announced that 17,778 Venezuelans were murdered in 2015. This compares to 27,875 homicides reported by the Venezuelan Observatory of Violence (OVV) for the same year. SEE MORE…

El libro en el escondite de El Chapo / Roberto Saviano – El País

Las proclamas gubernamentales y las declaraciones victoriosas que siguen a las detenciones de criminales ilustres siempre me han hecho reflexionar. Nací y crecí en el sur de Italia, el país que cuenta con las organizaciones criminales más poderosas y peligrosas del mundo y sé bien que cuando uno de sus jefes es detenido, eso no significa que el Estado haya obtenido una victoria. Cuando un jefe es arrestado es porque se ha vuelto débil, es porque otros le han vendido, es para salvarse de una posible ejecución, es porque ha decidido colaborar con la justicia, incapaz de soportar ya la clandestinidad. Cuando un jefe es detenido, los que menos deberían alegrarse por ello son los políticos, para no quedar como simples marionetas o, peor aún, como chacales, para no ser objeto de mofa y escarnio. VER MÁS…

¿Cómo Honduras “dejó de ser el país más violento del mundo”?

Mano dura, cero tolerancia a la delincuencia, un soldado en cada esquina.

La receta de Juan Orlando Hernández para atacar el crimen en Honduras le empezó a dar resultados.

El presidente acaba de cumplir dos años al frente de un país que ya no carga con el título de más violento del mundo, aunque cada día asesinen a 14 personas.

Pero mientras Hernández dice que Honduras está saliendo de la “época oscura” en materia de seguridad, existen algunos cuestionamientos por las verdaderas cifras, críticas a la controvertida militarización y cierta incertidumbre por el éxito de la estrategia a largo plazo.

Honduras: Poor ‘hood, Mean ‘hood: the Violent History of Rivera Hernandez / Juan Jose Martinez d´Aubuisson

This article is the first in a series looking at gang operations in Honduras. It is the result of a collaboration between InSight Crime, El Faro, and Revistazo. Read a version of this article in Spanish here. See the full version of InSight Crime’s report on Honduras gangs here (pdf). Read the report in Spanish here (pdf).

In the neighborhood of Rivera Hernandez in San Pedro Sula, the State’s absence is felt everywhere. Six gangs fight for control of one of the poorest sectors of Honduras’ industrial capital. This is the story of that neighborhood. This is the story of the people who live here, who fall like dominos, one after another, in an endless battle.  SEE MORE…

Honduras: Rivers of blood / Teh Economist

A crackdown on gangs has so far made things worse

OUTSIDE the morgue in San Salvador, the family of 21-year-old Marcela Vargas waits patiently to collect her body. “I feel broken,” says her brother, Jónathan. “She was dating a guy—he wasn’t a gang member, but he had connections.” Along with her 18-year-old friend Liset she had been tied up and stabbed repeatedly. Police discovered their bodies on the banks of a stream that runs through the city’s centre on September 13th, nine days after they had disappeared.

Marcela and Liset are casualties of a ferocious clash of gangs which has plunged El Salvador into its bloodiest period since its civil war ended in 1992. Mara Salvatrucha and Barrio 18, two maras (gangs) with a combined membership of 72,000, fight each other for control of territory across the country. Two factions of Barrio 18, the Revolucionarios (Revolutionaries) and the Sureños (Southerners), are meanwhile at war with each other.

The death toll is horrific. In the first nine months of this year, 4,930 people were murdered in a country with a population of 6.5m; that murder rate is 20 times that of the United States (see chart). El Salvador has overtaken Honduras as the most violent country on earth bar those that are at war. Life in gang-controlled areas is miserable. The maras recruit children in primary school and extort protection money from businesses. Terrified parents do not let children leave the house unaccompanied; many businesses go bust. Nearly 300,000 Salvadoreans were forced to leave their homes last year, by one estimate. SEE MORE…

Seguir

Recibe cada nueva publicación en tu buzón de correo electrónico.

Únete a otros 128 seguidores